Are Hogwarts Portraits Truly Alive In Harry Potter? Dumbledore’s Deathly Hallows Painting Explained



  • Hogwarts portraits have different abilities based on the power and intelligence of the subject. Dumbledore’s portrait had more complex thought and could carry on conversations.
  • Headmaster portraits in Hogwarts are meant to provide advice and guidance to future headmasters. The living headmaster mentors their portrait to ensure they provide proper advice.
  • Dumbledore’s portrait played a significant role in the plot of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, suggesting plans, guiding characters, and approving of Harry’s ideas. However, the portraits are not alive but serve as fragments of the person’s memory.



Albus Dumbledore’s Hogwarts portrait played an essential part in the Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows book, but was it alive? The moving images that covered the walls of Hogwarts Castle have long been a topic of confusion, especially when painted from living subjects. They could talk, think, and even get drunk off painted wine, making them seem as if they were genuinely sentient beings. However, this seems to cause some plot holes in Harry Potter and begs the question of why all characters wouldn’t have a painting made of themselves to gain a form of immortality, but it isn’t quite that simple.

Dumbledore’s office at Hogwarts was full of portraits of the wizarding school’s past headmasters. These portraits were meant to guide the current headmaster, and the Harry Potter books demonstrated how Dumbledore could also use them to pass messages to other locations (such as Grimmauld Place or the Ministry of Magic). When Dumbledore died, his image was added to the bunch, and Snape was seen taking orders from the portrait when Harry entered the Pensieve in Deathly Hallows. This seems to imply that something of the man continued in the painting, and the Wizarding World website explains how this works.

A Hogwarts Portrait’s Abilities Depend On The Power Of The Subject

Hogwarts Paintings Harry Potter (1)

Hogwarts Castle’s centuries-long history in Harry Potter means there are likely thousands of portraits littering the walls. The subjects are revealed to be a combination of notable witches and wizards across wizarding history and simple characters invented by various magical artists. Harry and his friends interacted with these portraits throughout the Harry Potter books for various reasons. The cheeky Fat Lady guarding Gryffindor Tower would sometimes stray from her frame and get drunk, and Sir Cadogan did his best to valiantly offer assistance to students when he could. Still, the Wizarding World website revealed that not all portraits were created equal.

The abilities of a portrait depend on both the artist’s talent and the subject’s power. A powerful and intelligent wizard (like Dumbledore) is likely to have a portrait capable of more complex thought that can carry a conversation for much longer before they begin to repeat themselves. The Fat Lady, based on a real witch, can chat and gossip as her live counterpart would have, but that is about the extent of her abilities. If an artist were to create a magical image of a character they invented, it’s unlikely that they could do much more than observe their surroundings and make the odd comment from time to time. However, headmaster portraits are a somewhat different story.

Hogwarts Headmasters Must Mentor Their Portraits Before They Die


Traditionally, a Hogwarts headmaster or headmistress would have a portrait made before they retired or passed away. Though most pictures at the wizarding school are there for decoration, the headmaster images are meant to provide advice and guidance to those who come after them. This is a little beyond the ability of most portraits as they are, so the living headmaster would spend some time teaching their likeness the ins and outs of who they are to ensure that they provide the proper advice went the time comes.

Since Dumbledore knew his time was limited after Voldemort’s Horcrux cursed him, he likely got to work with his portrait immediately. He planned his death with Snape and likely knew Voldemort would appoint the double agent headmaster after Dumbledore’s supposed murder. Therefore, he would have known precisely the information that his portrait would need. Dumbledore’s portrait would have already been more capable and intelligent than the typical painting (given the headmaster’s exceptional power), but he needed to learn what it meant to fill the man’s shoes after his death—who better to teach him than Dumbledore himself?

That being said, after Dumbledore’s portrait helped Severus Snape maneuver the end of the Second Wizarding War, he might have reached the limits of his capabilities. Even magical paintings are simply paintings, which is why witches and wizards cannot sit and continue a relationship with their deceased loved ones by interacting with their portraits (at least not in a way that would be healthy). At the end of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Harry had a final conversation with Dumbledore’s portrait, but he understood this was simply an avatar of the man he had known, not the man himself.

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How Dumbledore’s Portrait Impacted The Plot In Harry Potter

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It’s fun to think of Dumbledore teaching his portrait how to be him, and the events of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallow book prove that he managed this perfectly. It was revealed that it was Dumbledore’s portrait that suggested that Snape plant the “Seven Potters” plan in Mundungus Fletcher’s mind, and the painting also guided the man through his mission to get the Sword of Gryffindor to Harry without Voldemort’s suspicion. Finally, at the very end of Harry’s story, he headed to Dumbledore’s office to get the portrait’s advice on what to do with the Elder Wand, and the image was happy and proud to approve of Harry’s idea to set it aside.

Given the mystery and frustration surrounding Dumbledore in Deathly Hallows, it was difficult to understand why Harry wouldn’t have wanted to sit and talk to Dumbledore’s portrait longer. Despite the pair’s conversation in the King’s Cross limbo after Harry’s sacrifice, many questions were left unanswered, and the portrait seemed to provide an opportunity for this. However, as Wizarding World reveals, this isn’t the purpose of the Hogwarts portraits of Harry Potter. Like a real-world picture, they aren’t alive—just a fragment of the person left behind to keep their memory going.